Habit – Repeated action or behavior that may be unconscious.
Addiction – Continued involvement with an activity, chemical or substance despite ongoing negative consequences.
Compulsion – When considerable discomfort is experienced if the behavior is not performed.
There is a fine line between habit and addiction, because a habit can quickly turn into an addiction and it is hard to know when this occurs. The difference between the two is that a person can stop a habit, but they lose control of their actions with an addiction. An addiction is a compulsion to do something or use a substance, regardless of the negative effects.
Is it a Habit?
A habit is defined as repeated action or behavior that may be unconscious. It is something that an individual does over and over, and it can become embedded in the brain so that the person begins to do it automatically. Even though a habit can be automatic, it is something that the individual has control over and can stop if they want. Sometimes habits are harmless, such as texting or tapping one’s foot. Other habits can have negative consequences, such as nail biting or excessive Internet use. But if the person can keep themselves from doing the action, it is not considered an addiction.
Is it an Addiction?
An addiction, on the other hand, is a mental disease that is categorized by continued involvement with an activity, chemical or substance despite ongoing negative consequences. When someone suffers from an addiction, they cannot control their compulsion, no matter how hard they try or how determined they are to stop. An addiction is an extreme kind of habit. Even though the person may know the devastating effects of their addiction, they do not have the means to stop. Either the person’s mind is so attracted to the substance or the activity, or the person may experience uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms if they stop. It is usually necessary for a person with a true addiction to seek professional help in order to gain control of their life again and stop the negative behavior.
A Process Addiction
What might start out as a habit that someone does without knowing it can become an addiction that they cannot control. This is especially true about process addictions. Addictions such as gambling, compulsive overeating, excessive exercise, and Internet overuse are called process additions. These activities often begin as a habit, but progress into an addiction. Instead of chemical dependency that people addicted to drugs and alcohol experience, individuals suffering from process addictions are addicted to doing something. The action is more than a habit, because the person cannot stop doing it.
Process addictions often meet a need for the individual, such as managing stress, relieving emotional pain, or helping the person cope with negative thoughts. However, both process addictions and chemical addictions cause serious effects, such as health issues, mental health problems, strained relationships, loss of productivity, and financial issues. Even though addiction has such negative consequences, the person is powerless to end the addiction on their own.
Treating Process Addictions
Process addictions are treatable conditions, and many are now recognized by the American Psychiatric Association as true disorders. However, some people still feel addiction is a moral problem, or involves a lack of willpower, or a lack of desire to stop. Habits can be changed or modified, but true addictions often require behavioral modifications and therapy to help the person address the underlying causes of the addiction and gain control again in their life.
Because habits are often confused with addiction, it is important to make the distinction between the two. In order to tell if something is a habit or if it is an addiction, the person should ask themselves if they can live without the activity. If the individual can go without their habit for a week or a month, they are not addicted. If they suffer withdrawal symptoms, such as physical pain, sickness, or mental anguish, or if they are simply not able to keep themselves away, they may have an addiction and should seek professional help.
Habits can also cause negative side effects, and because they can easily develop into addiction, it is important for everyone to evaluate their habits and make sure they are still able to maintain control. Some negative habits, such as overeating, drinking, and gambling, should be considered dangerous and should be ended before they cause physical harm or develop into addiction.
When in doubt, consult a professional. It is better to stop an activity while it is still a habit than to try to overcome an addiction. A professional treatment facility can help evaluate a person’s habit or addiction, and determine how to help them overcome it.